Diamond 101


The most important factor in choosing your diamond is cut.
The cut is the only detail over which man has control.
Cut for Beautyidealcutdiamond

The ideal cut diamond describes a round brilliant diamond that has been cut to exact and mathematically proven proportions. All of the light entering from any direction is totally reflected through the top and is dispersed into a display of sparkling flashes and rainbow colors.
Ideal cut diamond

Cut for Maximum Weightmaximum-weight-cut

Most diamonds are ‘spread’ in their cutting to retain maximum weight from the original rough. A heavier diamond will result, but at a dramatic sacrifice of potential fire and brilliance.
Too shallow or too deep


The weight of a diamond is measured in carats. One carat is divided into 100 parts called ‘points.’ 2 carats = 2.00; 1 carat = 1.00; 3/4 carat = 0.75
The value of a diamond can weigh greatly on the cut, color, and clarity, in addition to the carat weight.



Most diamonds, although appearing colorless, actually have slight tones of yellow or brown. As these tones become less apparent, the rarity and the cost increase. Diamonds also occur naturally in many beautiful colors. The more intense the color, the more rare the stone.


Practically all diamonds contain naturally occurring internal characteristics called inclusions. The size, nature, location, and amount of inclusions determine a diamond’s clarity grade and affect it’s cost. One advantage of a beautifully-cut diamond is that it’s sparkle can mask otherwise noticeable inclusions.


Diamonds are cut in various shapes.  A selection is pictured below.

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Choosing a setting for your diamond can be an exciting finishing touch. Here are a few from our extensive collection that you will love:

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